Brief History of the Deccan College The Deccan College has a long, glorious and eventful history of the last 195 years. The word "Deccan" after which the College is named is associated with the Deccan Plateau, forming the geological foundations of western India. The Institution (Deccan College) was established out of the donations given by Peshwas to Brahmins and was known as "Dakshina fund". After obtaining the permission from the British Government by the then Governor of Bombay Presidency Mountstuart Elphinstone a "Sanskrit School" was started on 6th October 1821 at Vishrambagwada. For western learning an "English School" was started in 1842. In 1851 the Sanskrit School and the English School were merged to form the Poona College. In 1868, it was shifted to the present location having 125 acres of land and renamed as Deccan College as large number of students were started coming to the institute not only from Pune but from the whole Deccan area for study purpose. It was run by the Presidency Government up to 1934 and due to financial crisis it was closed down. But some of the past students filed case against Government and due to the Court order it was reopened on 17th August 1939 as a Post-Graduate and Research Institute. In academic year 1994-95, U.G.C. gave Deemed University status to the Institute. Since 1939 it has become the foremost centre of higher learning and research in Ancient Indian History and Archaeology, Linguistics, Sanskrit, Anthropology, Sociology and Maratha History. Presently three subjects; Ancient Indian History, Culture & Archaeology, Linguistics and Sanskrit are taught and three courses; Diploma, M.A. and Ph.D. are offered in all the three departments. During the course of time the institute has produced many renowned scholars like; Lokmanya Balgangadhar Tilak (freedom fighter), G.G. Agarkar (social reformer) Prof. R.D. Ranade (justice and philosopher), Sir R. G. Bhandarkar (orientalist), R.N. Dandekar (Sanskritist), N.D. Nagarwala (educationist and sports patron), Appa Pant (Diplomat), Dwakanath Kotnis and others.