This gallery is in the memory of Professor H.D. Sankalia. It exhibits his lifetime contribution to the subject and to the Nation. The most important display of the Archaeology Museum is displayed in this gallery, i.e., vertical model of Nevasa excavation, so that visitors can have some idea of the importance of stratigraphy. The cultural sequence depicted covers almost four lakh years of human occupation at the site of Nevasa, Maharashtra.
This gallery brings alive Stone Age India. Over the past 2 million years, prehistoric populations inhabited diverse ecological zones in South Asia. Evidence from stone and bone tools, prehistoric art, fossils and past environments, are clues which aid in reconstructing changing ways in which our ancestors lived. The gallery highlights the story of human evolution as pieced together from tools, fossils and art which prehistoric populations left behind. In India, the earliest prehistoric tool, date to more than 15,00,000 years ago, belonging to a phase called the Lower Palaeolithic (Old Stone Age), or Acheulian. During this phase our ancestors, Homo erectus, made characteristic tools termed handaxes or cleavers, amongst many others, and lived in small groups almost all parts of India. Later people, evolved smarter ways of tool-making, with differing lifestyles. Modern humans who were in India from over 40,000 years ago, are credited with a sophisticated tool-kit and prehistoric art in the form of rock paintings or even ostrich egg-shell beads found in many parts of India. Coping with the effect of Ice Ages, as seen in changing monsoon and sea levels, these populations lived along with a range of animals, such as the ostrich and hippo, which are extinct in India today. From around 12,000 years ago, when the climate was more congenial, to around 3,000 years ago, populations belonging to the Mesolithic phase, spread all over India, and laid the foundations for the eventual domestication of plants and animals. This gallery also takes you through ways in which archaeologist reconstruct prehistoric lifeways.
Indian Prehistory has been divided by archaeologists into the following phases based on how old they are and the nature of tool types and techniques used by prehistoric people. Lower Palaeolithic: around 1.7 million years ago to around 200,000 years ago. Middle Palaeolithic: around 200,000 to around 50,000 years ago. Upper Palaeolithic: around 46,000 years ago to around 10,000 years ago. Mesolithic: around 10,000 years ago to around 5,000 years ago.
The Chalcolithic cultures flourished during 2000 BC. The material culture of this period gives us an idea of the socio-economic life of the early farming communities based on farming, stock raising, hunting and fishing. This gallery exhibits large storage jars, potters kiln, pots, stone tools, copper objects, a few Harappan material, and information of ancient burial practice along with skeletons. A reconstructed stratigraphical model of archaeological excavation showing the cultural sequence of Chalcolithic Inamgaon (c. 1600-700 BC) and associated findings such as huts, hearths, dwelling and storage pits is one of the main attraction to the gallery.
This gallery display antiquities recovered from the excavations carried out in the Vidarbha region, Maharashtra dating back to c. 800 BC. The material culture displayed includes- copper horse ornaments buried along with the dead, iron weapons and agricultural implements, and associated pottery. A painted panel depicting the settlement and human burial practice and a model of stone circle gives an idea of the Megalithic culture in Vidarbha, during c. 800-300 BC.
Several excavations and exploration are carried by Deccan College at historic sites since 1945. The excavated materials from some of the famous sites of Nasik, Dwarka, Maheshwar, Nevasa, Ter, Kahali- Bramhapuri, Mahurjhari, Nagari, Mansar lake site, Paturda, Palshet, and Kasbapeth are displayed in this gallery.
The gallery mostly displays the plaster cast replicas of important sculptures housed in the National Museum, Delhi, Mathura State Museum, and Gujari Mahal Museum, Gwalior, along with a few original stone sculptures from Ganga Valley.
Epigraphy involves the study of ancient inscriptions. These inscriptions are valuable source for highlighting the political, social, economic and religious lifeway's of the past. They are also our best guides for study of historical geography or ancient place names. The display is in the form of photographs and estampages of stone inscriptions and coins. A wooden cabinet having of coins from Ahar, Dwarka, Eran, Kolhapur, Malwa, Nagari, Nasik, Navdatoli, Nerle, Nevasa, Maheshwar, Taxila, Ter, Tripuri and Ujjain is in this gallery.
Ethnography is the study of social, economic and linguistic aspects of a living society of a limited geographical area. The term Ethnoarchaeology is the use of ethnographic methods and information in the interpretation and explanation of archaeological data. Earliest studies carried out by Deccan College in 1960s were on the rural settlements around the Chalcolithic sites of Ahar and Navdatoli and the Neolithic sites of Tekkalkota. The display is of two types- write-ups on display board showing role of Ethnography in Archaeology with examples on houses and other structures, material culture, technology, religion and ritual and the second type in glass showcases, displaying various objects from Bastar.
This museum and library is set up in the space on loan from the Deccan College and is part of the Museum of Archaeology on the first floor at Deccan College Archaeology Museum. The Museum and Library is set up through a grant from Kishinchand Chellaram Educational Trust. The aim of this museum is to raise awareness of our seas and rekindle maritime consciousness and pride in our people. India is reckoned as one of the top naval powers in the world and owes its credit to the dedication and selfless services rendered by brave Indian seamen. Even though Pune is hinterland about 200 km from the nearest seashore, it has not bridled IMF's attempt to foster an environment of maritime knowledge and opinion essentially amongst the generation who will inherit our world i.e. our students in schools and colleges. The Museum houses photographs, images, models of both merchant marine and naval ships, artefacts such as navigational instruments, videos, regular films shows on maritime history, marine environment and current events. The Library comprises of books on global navies, merchant marine, shipping and fishing industry, ports both naval and commercial, travel which will be both fiction and nonfiction. These books have been presented to IMF by various philanthropists and well-wishers. The Membership to the library is through a monthly/yearly payment on issuance of a membership card. A nominal deposit amount taken for the book is returnable. Documentary films of historical and current maritime interest are screened according to the monthly program that is planned in advance. The museum timing is from 10.30 am to 1 pm (Mondays to Saturdays). Email: firstname.lastname@example.org